日本語 English Русский

本文へジャンプ
 News
 ・What is
   calligraphy
  Japanese
    characters
 History
  Tools
 Studying
 Self-introduction
  ・ Works
  ・ Links
  ・ Contact

~Этот сайт был создан для того, чтобы люди всего мира могли
прикоснуться к искусству японской каллиграфии~


Calligraphy Tools


Shodo requires 4 tools: Suzuri (inkstone), Fude (writing brush), Kami (paper) and Sumi (ink). These are called Bunbo Shiho (the four important tools of calligraphy) and are made in both Japan and China.


Bunbo Shiho (the four important tools of calligraphy)

Suzuri (Inkstone)

This is a tool for grinding the ink with water and is usually made of stone. They are generally of a simple rectangular shape but there are a great many differences in shape such as elliptical shapes and those with carved receptacles.



Sumi (Ink)

There are two types of ink: solid ink (soot from lamps or burnt pine mixed and hardened with animal glue) and liquid ink (ink that is already in its liquid state). Ink is generally black but there are a few colours such as blue ink (Seiboku) and brown ink (Chaboku) and it is also possible to adjust light and shade. Ink from the solid ink block is made by adding water to the Suzuri (inkstone) little by little and slowly grinding the ink and shade adjustments are made depending on the length of time of grinding. Liquid ink is very useful if you don't have time to grind the ink. Solid ink is made from natural ingredients and liquid ink is made from chemical substances.

Fude (Writing Brush)

The tip is made from animal (horse, sheep, etc.) hair and the handle is made from bamboo or wood. There are different sizes of writing brush depending on the size of characters you want to write.



Kami (Paper)

Paper is made from plant fibres (tree bark, grass, straw, etc.) and the name of the paper changes with its size. 33cm  24cm paper is called Hanshi. This is the usual size for practising and it is usually white, however, paper also exists in various different forms with colours such as red and navy blue for creating works as well as paper sprinkled with gold dust.

Others

A Shitajiki (a mat that goes underneath the paper) and a Bunchin (paperweight to keep the paper in place) are also required.







 
to the top of page
kami
shitajiki
(mat)
bunchin
(paper weight)
fude
suzuri
tehon
(model)
sumi